Drum Set Components

Drum Set Components

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Drum set components

Although most drum sets look similar, there are significant differences among them in terms of their overall quality as well as the number of other percussion instruments they include. Drum sets are offered in different sizes and configurations depending on the musical style that is played. Begin by examining the role of each component individually, What are all those pieces, and which ones do you really need? The bass drum, snare drum and hi-hat are the three basic components in any drum set.

THE BASS DRUM, Often called a kick drum, with a large diameter, it has a deep, resounding sound. The bass drum is also the biggest drum in the set.

THE SNARE DRUM, The snare drum is perhaps the most important drum in any drum set. It is mounted on a stand and positioned between the drummer’s knees. With a set of tightened wires underneath the resonant head, it produces a loud, sharp, signature “crack” sound.The snare drum is played on the back beats, in nearly any musical style,

THE HI-HAT, The hi-hat is a set of two cymbals positioned next to the snare drum.They can be closed and opened using a foot pedal located under the drummer’s left foot and by hitting them with drumsticks. The hi-hat fill in the drum groove of nearly any kind of music.

These three components provide the backbone of most drum rhythms, they are “THE BIG THREE” and are often the first to get upgraded. Many drummers extend their kits from this basic pattern, adding more drums, more cymbals, and many other instruments including pitched percussion.


THE CRASH CYMBALS, Crash cymbals come in a variety of sizes, usually boasting a diameter between 38 and 45 cm, and mounted above the toms.They are usually the loudest cymbals in a kit. Struck on their edge, providing a loud, piercing impact that is ideal for ending drum fills.

THE RIDE CYMBALS, The ride cymbal is larger than the crash cymbal, usually with a diameter between 50 and 56 cm. Generally suspended above or near the floor tom and creates a more gentle “washy” sound. It is the next most important component after the snare, bass, and hi-hat. Ride cymbal patterns are especially prevalent in jazz drumming.

THE TOMS, The remaining drums in a drum set are called toms or tom-toms.They typically produce a hollow sound at various pitches depending on the size of the drum.
High Tom – This is the smallest tom and is mounted over the bass drum, nearest the snare.
Mid Tom – The mid tom, if there is one, is also mounted over the bass drum, beside the high tom.
Floor Tom – The largest tom, it’s usually mounted on a stand positioned by the drummer’s leg.
They are most often used in drum fills,but can also form crucial parts of the groove in Latin American and Afro-Cuban drum patterns.


And last but not least THE THRONE, or stool. Chairs and office stools are too tall for a drum set, so if the kit you’re looking at doesn’t include a throne, you’ll want to pick up one.

The following would be considered as a standard or basic setup.

– 1 kick/bass drum
– 2 legs
– 2 toms
– 2 connector arms
– 1 floor tom
– 3 legs
– 1 hi-hat stand/pedal
– detachable hi-hat clips
– 1 snare drum
– snare stand
– drum sticks
– kick pedal
– 2 hi-hat cymbals (14″)
– 1 crash cymbal (16″)
– 1 crash/ride cymbal (18″)
– 1 ride cymbal (22″)
– 3 cymbal stands
– including all screws, pads, and washers
– 1 cymbal stand arm extension
– including all screws, pads, and washers
– drum seat (also known as a throne)

This is a basic setup and not all is required.

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Playing the drums is easier than you think.